Alarming increase of weight??And you are really worried. Nowadays surgeries are also becoming a part of weight loss program. Obesity refers to excessive accumulation of fat and due to imbalance in the body hormones which in turn affects the health of an individual. Obesity is a major health issue and has to be rectified as early as possible. At the worse case when diet and exercise does not help bariatric surgery may give hands. An estimated three to four million adolescents are heavy enough to meet the criteria for bariatric surgery.
Gastric band is an adjustable band which is made up of silicone attached to a inflatable balloon. It is fitted to the upper part of the stomach by laparoscopic surgery. There are two types of bariatric surgery.
- Restricting the size of the stomach so that the capacity of the stomach would just hold 1 cup of food.
- Decrease in the absorption of calories in the small intestine.
Duodenal switch surgery:
Duodenal switch surgery also known as biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch or “DS” shrinks the stomach size by 80%, reroutes the intestines, and removes the gallbladder, which in turn makes the patient feel less hungry and helps to secrete fewer hunger causing hormones. It is the most complicated procedure but the best procedure for weight loss and improvement of health.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass:
The roux-en-Y gastric bypass is performed by introducing a laparoscope, which is connected to a video camera, through small abdominal incisions and gives a magnified view of the internal organs on a television monitor. A small pouch is created with a stapling instrument. The excluded stomach is not removed; it continues to produce digestive juices and some essential factors. It gives the patient a fuller feeling and this in turn absorbs fewer calories.
Sleeve gastrectomy is performed by making some incisions in the abdomen by placing a video camera through laproscopic method. About 75% of the stomach is removed leaving a narrow gastric sleeve and hence known as sleeve gastrectomy. Sleeve gastrectomy causes decrease in appetite and reduces the amount of “hunger hormone and causes to lose weight. Patients who have a very high body mass index (BMI) or who are at risk for undergoing anesthesia or any heart or lung disorders may be benefited by sleeve gastrectomy.
There are quite a lot of side effects in weight loss surgeries. The “slim and healthy” concept will no longer join in hands. Choose wisely which type is right for you and bring the best outcome of results.